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Homphobic, Biphobic and Transphobic Slurs
homophobia: fear and hatred of homosexuality
biphobia: fear and hatred of bisexuality
transphobia: fear and hatred of trans and gender non-conforming people
Homophobia, biphobia and transphobia is manifested in four different ways
- personal or internalized homophobia, biphobia and transphobia consists of personal beliefs and prejudices
- interpersonal homophobia, biphobia and transphobia (harassment and individual discrimination) involves individual behaviours based on these personal beliefs
- institutional homophobia, biphobia and transphobia includes the ways that institutions discriminate against people based on their sexual orientation or gender identity
- cultural homophobia (heterosexism) refers to societal norms that advantage heterosexuality over all other forms of gender expression and sexual orientation
The normalization of oppression in the shelter system can make it difficult for staff to recognize when homophobia, biphobia and transphobia occur, leading them to believe that this type of discrimination does not naturally occur, and that homophobic, biphobic and transphobic slurs and language are a part of youth culture that cannot be changed. When you do not act out against instances of homophobia, biphobia and transphobia as they occur, you are contributing to their normalization.
Ensure the safety and dignity of LGBTQ2S youth in shelters
- be sure to include "homophobia, biphobia and transphobia" in your zero-tolerance policy
- it is important that zero-tolerance policies be posted in high traffic areas of your space
- it is important that youth are informed of non-adherence consequences
- it is important to be able to recognize the signs of homophobia, biphobia and transphobia
- if there are things you don't know or understand about LGBTQ2S issues, do some research, ask questions, or contact a group that deals with these issues
Hear It! Stop It!
- challenge all homophobia, biphobia and transphobia language
- speak up against and STOP homophobia, biphobia and transphobia jokes, comments, or slurs when witnessed
- if you don't, your silence condones and encourages such behaviours
Abramovich. A. (2014). Young, Queer and Trans, Homeless, and Besieged: A Critical Action Research Study of How Policy and Culture Create Oppressive Conditions for LGBTQ Youth in Toronto’s Shelter System. University of Toronto.
University of Guelph (2016). Recognizing Heterosexism, Homophobia, and Transphobia.
LGBTQ2S Youth Homelessness in Canada Infographic Links
Download Complete set of Infographics
» Homophobic, Biphobic and Transphobic Slurs
Our Fostering an Inclusive Shelter Environment for LGBTQ2S Youth curriculum and infographics were developed in collaboration with Dr. Alex Abramovich and A Way Home, a national coalition dedicated to preventing, reducing and ending youth homelessness in Canada. Development of this new resource has been generously supported by TD Bank and The City of Toronto.